Glossary of Terms

Listing of financial terms and definitions.

b

Billions

m

Millions

t

Trillions

x

Times (i.e., 3x = 3 Times)

3 Months Best Performance

The total return performance for the three best consecutive months since the inception of the fund.

3 Months Best Performance date

The dates in which a fund posted its three months best performance.

3 Months Worst Performance

The total return performance for the three worst consecutive months since the inception of the Fund.

3 Months Worst Performance date

The dates in which a fund posted its three months worst performance.

Actual 12b-1 Fee Ratio

Historical amount of distribution-related and/or shareholder servicing expenses paid by a fund over its latest fiscal year, which was paid pursuant to the fund's 12b-1 distribution plan.

Advisor Name

The name of the entity that assists in the operation of the fund.

Annualized Performance

A performance calculation (for a given time period over one year) that includes the reinvestment of all income and capital gains distributions using an exponential formula.

Annualized Standard Deviation<

The Standard Deviation times the square root of 12.

Asset Allocation - Percentage in Cash

The cash category includes: cash, cash equivalents (including money market funds) and assets less liabilities. All instruments with maturities of one year or less should be included in this category. Investments that fall into this category include repurchase agreements, Commercial paper and US Treasury bills.

Asset Allocation - Percentage in Convertible Securities

The convertible category includes all convertible securities (and convertible securities mutual funds) including foreign convertibles.

Asset Allocation - Percentage in Equities

The equity category includes all U.S. domiciled equity securities, American Depository Receipts (ADR's), equity mutual funds and foreign equity securities.

Asset Allocation - Percentage in Fixed Income

Securities The fixed-income category includes all government securities, corporate bonds, municipal bonds, foreign bonds, nonconvertible bonds, and nonconvertible preferred stock and all fixed income mutual funds.

Asset Allocation - Percentage in Other Securities

The other category contains rights, warrants, options, futures, mutual funds (that do not fit into any of the above categories), and gold bullion.

Asset Allocation Valuation Date

The date when allocation information was last adjusted to reflect updated security market values.

Average Coupon Percent

The dollar-weighted (portfolio accounting method that measures changes in total dollar value) average interest rate on a debt security the issuer promises to pay to the holder until maturity, expressed as an annual percentage of face value.

Average Duration (Years)

The dollar-weighted average duration of the portfolio in years. This is an alternative measure of average maturity, which reflects a portfolio's price sensitivity to changing interest rates.

Average Market Capitalization (Weighted) Avg Mkt Cap

Calculated for each holding by multiplying the number of outstanding shares by the current market price of a share. We then average the market capitalization's for all holdings of a fund and they are weighted by assets. For example a holding that comprises 5% of TNA will be give a greater weight. The dollar-weighted average market capitalization of the equity securities within a portfolio.

Average Price to Earnings (Weighted) Avg P/E

Calculated by multiplying the price-to-earnings ratio for each individual security by the ratio of the security's market value in the portfolio to the total market value of the equity holdings of the portfolio.

Average Price to Book

Calculated by multiplying the price-to-book ratio for each individual security by the ratio of the security's market value in the portfolio to the total market value of the equity holdings of the portfolio.

Benchmark Name

The name of an index that the fund is compared against.

Best-Fit Index Alpha

The difference between a fund's actual performance over the specified period and the performance that might have been expected using its volatility relative to the Best-Fit Index (the beta coefficient).

Best-Fit Index Beta

A fund's volatility relative to the Best-Fit Index over the specified period.

Best-Fit Index Name Index

Name of the benchmark that most closely represents the performance for the fund.

Best-Fit Index R-Squared

The degree to which an asset's correlation with the market has explained its fluctuations over a specified period of time.

Best-Fit Index Statistics Reference Date

Statistics period end date.

Broad Based Index Alpha

The difference between a fund's actual performance years specified for calculations and the performance that might have been expected using its volatility relative to the benchmark index (the beta coefficient).

Broad Based Index Beta

A fund's volatility relative to the benchmark index over a specified period of time.

Broad Based Index Name Index

Name of the benchmark that most closely represents the performance for the fund's classification group.

Broad Based Index R-Squared

The degree to which an asset's correlation with the market has explained its fluctuations over a specified period of time.

Broad Based Index Statistics Reference Date Statistics

Period end date.

Calculation Years Basis

The number of years the calculation is based on for statistics reported unless specified.

Capital Gain

Amount of money the fund has made selling stocks or other securities and has distributed to shareholders. The figure shown is the dollar amount distributed per share. Capital gains are paid to fund shareholders on a per share basis. When a capital gain distribution is made, the fund's net asset value drops by the amount of the distribution because the distribution is no longer considered part of the fund's assets.

Capital Gain Date

The date when the capital gain declared by the fund went ex-dividend or was taken out of the NAV.

Capital Gains - Sum of Calendar Years

The sum of the capital gains for one year as of year end - X years ago (X= 1-10).

Category (Classification rollup)

A grouping of similar investment classification/objectives (i.e., general equity, balanced/mixed equity, sector equity, world equity, taxable fixed income, world income, retail money market, institutional money market, municipal debt).

CDSC - Maximum Percent

Contingent deferred sales charge is a sales charge imposed by a mutual fund if a customer sells fund shares within a specified number of years. For instance, if a customer sells the fund within the first year, they might pay a 5% load. The second year, the charge would be 4% and each year thereafter; the charge declines by one percentage point until there is no fee for selling the fund. This is also known as a back-end load.

CDSC - Months to Expiration

The number of months a fund's CDSC is in effect.

Closed to New Investors

A designation indicating that a fund is not available for purchase by new investors.

Consistent Return Effective Date - Month

The end date of the calculation, using a calendar month-end date.

Consistent Return Percentile Rank

The percentile rank of the Consistent Return Standard Rank ranked in ascending order from 1 to 100.

Consistent Return Quintile

Quintile rank within Lipper Classification. The top 20% of funds within each Lipper Classification will be designated Lipper Leaders based on the Consistent Return algorithm. The number scores, with 1 as the highest, will correspond to quintile rankings based on the measure.

Consistent Return Years Basis

The number of years the calculation is based on to determine Lipper Leader Scores.

Cumulative Performance

A performance calculation that includes the reinvestment of all income and capital gains distributions.

CUSIP

A nine-character number that uniquely identifies a particular security. RESTRICTIONS APPLY.

Dividend Frequency

General frequency with which distributions are declared by the fund: daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, semi-annually or annually.

Effective Average Maturity (Years)

The dollar-weighted average maturity, weighted by market value and calculated to first call or effective life, measured in years.

Effective Return

This is a risk-adjusted return measure that will be used to sort funds after their H exponent is calculated.

Expense Effective Date - Month

The end date of the calculation, using a calendar month-end date.

Expense Percentile Rank

The percentile rank of the Expense Standard Rank ranked in ascending order from 1 to 100.

Expense Quintile

Quintile rank of the Total Expenses for the Fund Share Class. The top 20% will be designated Expense Lipper Leaders. The number scores, with 1 as the highest, will correspond to quintile rankings based on the measure.

Expense Value

Total Expenses for the Fund Share Class.

Expense Years Basis

The number of years the calculation is based on to determine Lipper Leader Scores.

First Public Offering (FPO) Date

The date of the commencement of operations of a fund under the Investment Company Act of 1940 as shown in the fund's prospectus or annual report. The FPO date is also known as the Initial Public Offering (IPO) date or Inception Date.

Fiscal Year End

Last day of fund's fiscal year.

Fund Classification Short Description

The Lipper portfolio-based classification given to a fund based on its actual capitalization and style rather than the broader policies that are set forth in the fund's prospectus, e.g., Large-Cap Growth.

Fund Family Name

The NASDAQ-provided fund family name under which funds belonging to are grouped and listed in the newspapers and other media. Only available for primary NASDAQ funds.

Fund Manager

The name of the current fund manager's (up to the last three managers). If more than one manager, the last names only will be shown.

Fund Manager Tenure

The year in which the fund manager (up to the last three managers) began managing a fund's portfolio. Team/group managed funds will not show any tenure date.

Fund Share Class

Different versions of a fund representing the same underlying portfolio that apply fund sales charges according to different schedules. The share class best suited to an individual's needs will depend on their time horizon and the amount they invest.

Fund Type (asset type)

The Fund Type is based on the asset class of the majority of securities within a portfolio (i.e., equity = stock; mixed equity = stock and bond; fixed income = bond; money market = short term fixed income instruments).

Holdings

The underlying securities of a mutual fund.

Hurst Exponent

The Hurst exponent will provide users a measure that indicates the volatility of a fund's price.

Inception Date

The date of the commencement of operations of a fund under the Investment Company Act of 1940 as shown in the fund's prospectus or annual report. Inception Date is also known as the First Public Offering (FPO) or Initial Public Offering (IPO) date.

Income Dividend Date

The date in which an investor receives an income dividend distribution from the fund.

Income Dividends - Sum of Calendar Years

The sum of the income dividends for one year as of year-end - X years ago (X = 1-10 years).

Investment Objective

The category in which a fund is placed based on its investment objective and policies as set forth in the fund's prospectus.

Investment Policy

Textual description of the fund's investment strategy as described in the prospectus and annual report.

Investment Type

The Investment Type is based on the asset class of the majority of securities within a portfolio (i.e., equity = stock; mixed equity = stock and bond; fixed income = bond and short term fixed income instruments).

Investment Value of $10K

Cumulative total return performance, including accruals. For each fund a series of up to 120 performances. This will create the "Value of $10,000 Invested" mountain chart.

Latest Month End Date

Date of latest month end close and the ending date for cumulative and annualized performance time periods.

Lipper Classification

A fund's investment classification is determined by reviewing portfolio holdings and associated fundamental financial characteristics. The Lipper classification is a two-step process. First it is assigned a market capitalization of small-, mid-, multi-, or large-cap, and, second, it is assigned a style of core, growth, or value. (Currently Lipper classifications are for U.S. Diversified Equity funds only).

Lipper Classification Index Alpha

The difference between a fund's actual performance years specified for calculations and the performance that might have been expected using its volatility relative to the benchmark index (the beta coefficient).

Lipper Classification Index Beta

A fund's volatility relative to the benchmark index over a specified period of time.

Lipper Classification Index Name

Lipper Classification Index name most closely associated with the funds in a classification group.

Lipper Classification Index R-Squared

The degree to which an asset's correlation with the market has explained its fluctuations over a specified period of time.

Lipper Classification Index Statistics Reference Date

Statistics period end date.

Lipper Fund Name

The fund name as abbreviated by Lipper.

Lipper Leader for Consistent Return

A Lipper Leader for Consistent Return is a fund that has provided superior consistency and risk-adjusted returns when compared to a group of similar funds. Lipper Leaders for Consistent Return may be the best fit for investors who value a fund's year-to-year consistency relative to other funds in a particular peer group. Investors are cautioned that some peer groups are inherently more volatile than others, and even Lipper Leaders for Consistent Return in the most volatile groups may not be well suited to shorter-term goals or less risk-tolerant investors.

Lipper Leader for Expense

A Lipper Leader for Expense is a fund that has successfully managed to keep its expenses low relative to its peers and within its load structure. Lipper Leaders for Expense may be the best fit for investors who want to minimize their total cost, and can be used in conjunction with Total Return or Consistent Return to identify funds with above-average performance and lower-than-average cost.

Lipper Leader for Preservation

A Lipper Leader for Preservation is a fund that has demonstrated a superior ability to preserve capital in a variety of markets when compared with its asset class - Equity, Mixed Equity, or Fixed Income funds. Choosing a Lipper Leader for Preservation may help to minimize downside risk, relative to other fund choices in the same asset class. Investors are cautioned that Equity funds have historically been more volatile than Mixed Equity or Fixed Income funds, and that even Lipper Leaders for Preservation in more volatile asset classes may not be well-suited to shorter-term goals or less risktolerant investors.

Lipper Leader for Tax Efficiency

A Lipper Leader for Tax Efficiency is a fund that has been successful at postponing taxes over the last three years relative to similar funds. Lipper Leaders for Tax Efficiency may be the best fit for tax-conscious investors who hold investments that are not in a defined benefit or retirement plan account.

Lipper Leader for Total Return

A Lipper Leader for Total Return is a fund that has provided superior total returns over the past three years when compared to a group of similar funds. Lipper Leaders for Total Return may be the best fit for investors who want the best return, without looking at risk. This measure alone may not be suitable for investors who want to avoid downside risk. For more riskaverse investors, the Total Return measure can be used with either Preservation and/or Consistent Return to make a riskreturn tradeoff decision.

Load Adjusted Performance

This figure is derived by taking the total return of the fund and adjusting for any load the fund might levy. For load structures with multiple breakpoints or time horizons, the highest load or most applicable load is used.

Load Type

A load is a sales charge paid by an investor when purchasing shares in a mutual fund. The types used are: Front-End Load: Fund assesses a front-end sales charge of greater than 2% (Equity) or greater than or equal to 1.5% (Fixed Income) regardless of the total 12b-1 fee and/or non-12b-1 service fee combination. Back-End Load: Fund assesses a contingent deferred sales charge (CDSC) of greater than 2.0%. If the maximum CDSC is 2.0% or less, the CDSC must apply for a time period greater than 2 years. Level Load: Fund assesses a 12b-1 fee and/or non-12b-1 service fee for a total sum greater than or equal to 0.35% and does not fit the criteria for front-end or back-end load. No Load: Fund assesses a 12b-1 fee and/or non-12b-1 service fee for a total sum less than 0.35% and does not fit the criteria for front-end or back-end load. Institutional Load: Fund primarily or exclusively offered to institutions, corporations, pension plans, banks, organizations, etc.; typically no-load, but may carry a 12b-1 or non-12b-1 service fee and may assess sales charges in certain circumstances.

Management Company Address

The address of the entity that assists in operation of the fund.

Management Company City

City of the entity that assists in operation of the fund.

Management Company Name

The name of the entity that assists in the operation of the fund.

Management Company State

State of the entity that assists in operation of the fund.

Management Company Zip

Zip code of the entity that assists in operation of the fund.

Maturity

Percentage of the portfolio's total net assets invested in securities with a maturity for a given time period range.

Maturity Method

"F"irst Call or "N"ominal, defines the maturity method used.

Maximum 12b-1 Fee Ratio

The maximum contractual amount of distribution-related marketing and/or shareholder servicing fees payable under a distribution plan adopted pursuant to Section 12b-1 of the Investment Company Act of 1940.

Minimum Initial Investment

The minimum dollar amount required for an initial investment in a fund.

Minimum Initial IRA Investment

The minimum dollar amount required for an initial investment in a fund for an IRA.

Minimum Subsequent Investment

The minimum dollar amount required for additional investments in a fund.

Minimum Subsequent IRA Investment

The minimum dollar amount required for additional investments in a fund for an IRA.

NASDAQ Ticker

The unique symbol assigned by the NASD to each individual fund that is eligible for listing on the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation System (NASDAQ).

NAV - Latest Month End

A fund's NAV on the last day of the latest month.

NAV 52 Week High - Daily

A fund's highest NAV over the 52-week period as of the latest trading day.

NAV 52 Week High Date

The date that the fund's highest NAV occurred over the 52-week period as of the latest trading day.

NAV 52 Week Low - Daily

A fund's lowest NAV over the 52-week period as of the latest trading day.

NAV 52 Week Low Date

The date that the fund's lowest NAV occurred over the 52-week period as of the latest trading day.

NAV at Latest Close

A fund's closing NAV at the end of the current trading day.

NAV Change

A fund's NAV increase or decrease from the prior period to current trade date. Shown in dollars.

NAV Date

A fund's closing NAV at the end of the current trading day.

NAV Percent Change

A fund's NAV percentage increase or decrease from the prior period closing price.

Nominal Average Maturity (Days)

Dollar weighted average maturity, weighted by market value, calculated to nominal (stated) maturity.

Number of Equities Held

The number of equity securities held in the fund's portfolio.

Percentile Rank

A group of funds' performance values sorted in ascending or descending order, then a percentage value between one and 100 percent is assigned to each member of the group. The top percentile (1) is designated the best performing whereas the bottom percentile (100) is the worst performing.

Performance Reference Date

Performance period end date.

Portfolio Data Date

The date of the portfolio accounting on which statistics are computed.

Portfolio Turnover %

The percentage of the fund's assets that were sold during the most recent fiscal period.

Preservation Effective Date - Month

The end date of the calculation, using a calendar month-end date.

Preservation Percentile Rank<

The percentile rank of the Preservation Standard Rank ranked in ascending order from 1 to 100.

Preservation Quintile

The quintile rank within asset class universe. The top 20% of open-end equity, mixed equity, and fixed income funds (three different universes) based on the Preservation algorithm will be designated Preservation Lipper Leaders. The number scores, with 1 as the highest, will correspond to quintile rankings based on the measure.

Preservation Value

The sum of the negative monthly fund performance returns for the indicated time-period, rounded to four decimal places. A true zero value, no negative returns, in the indicated time-period are valid.

Preservation Years Basis

The number of years the calculation is based on to determine Lipper Leader Scores.

Quality Not Rated

Indication used by securities rating services (such as Standard & Poor's, Moody's, or Fitch) and mercantile agencies (such as Dun & Bradstreet) to show that a security or a company has not been rated. It has neither negative nor positive implications. The abbreviation "NR" is used.

Quality Other

Indication of relative credit quality other than "AAA through D" as issued by the leading bond rating services such as Moody's, Standard & Poor's, Duff & Phelps/MCM, and Fitch.

Quality Rating

Numeric value (10-AAA, 9-AA, 8-A, 7-BBB, etc.) used to give indications of relative credit quality for a portfolio

Quality Short-Term

The percent of assets in short-term (having a maturity of one year or less) bonds and cash equivalents.

Quality/A

Bonds that are rated 'upper medium grade' by the leading bond rating services such as Moody's, Standard & Poor's, Duff & Phelps/MCM, and Fitch.

Quality/AA

Bonds that are rated 'high quality' by the leading bond rating services such as Moody's, Standard & Poor's, Duff & Phelps/MCM, and Fitch.

Quality/AAA

Bonds that are rated the 'highest quality' by the leading bond rating services such as Moody's, Standard & Poor's, Duff & Phelps/MCM, and Fitch.

Quality/B

Bonds that are rated 'speculative, low grade' by the leading bond rating services such as Moody's, Standard & Poor's, Duff & Phelps/MCM, and Fitch.

Quality/BB

Bonds that are rated 'predominantly speculative' by the leading bond rating services such as Moody's, Standard & Poor's, Duff & Phelps/MCM, and Fitch.

Quality/BBB

Bonds that are rated 'medium grade' by the leading bond rating services such as Moody's, Standard & Poor's, Duff & Phelps/MCM, and Fitch.

Quality/C

Bonds that are rated 'lowest quality, no interest' by the leading bond rating services such as Moody's, Standard & Poor's, Duff & Phelps/MCM, and Fitch.

Quality/CC

Bonds that are rated 'highest speculation' by the leading bond rating services such as Moody's, Standard & Poor's, Duff & Phelps/MCM, and Fitch.

Quality/CCC

Bonds that are rated 'poor to default' by the leading bond rating services such as Moody's, Standard & Poor's, Duff & Phelps/MCM, and Fitch.

Quality/D

Bonds that are rated 'in default, in arrears, questionable value' by the leading bond rating services such as Moody's, Standard & Poor's, Duff & Phelps/MCM, and Fitch.

Quintile

A group of fund's performance values sorted in ascending or descending order then separated into one of five equivalent ranges of those values, synonymous with one-fifth of the population.

Redemption Charge - Maximum Percent

The maximum allowable fee charged when assets are withdrawn from a fund within a specified time period after purchase.

Redemption Charge - Months to Expiration

The number of months a funds redemption fee is in effect.

Relative Wealth on a Post-Liquidation basis

The portfolio value lost (as a percentage of load-adjusted pre-tax value) due to taxes on dividends before reinvesting those dividends for the SEC-mandated time periods (1/5/10 years and since-inception performance) plus four additional time periods of popular interest (1 month, 3 month, year-to-date, and 3 years). The post method also calculates the investor's personal capital gains tax liability or benefit and adjusts the ending value of the investment accordingly.

Relative Wealth on a Pre-Liquidation basis

The portfolio value lost (as a percentage of load-adjusted pre-tax value) due to taxes on dividends before reinvesting those dividends for the SEC-mandated time periods (1/5/10 years and since-inception performance) plus four additional time periods of popular interest (1 month, 3 month, year-to-date, and 3 years).

Sales Charge - Maximum Percent

The maximum allowable fee an investor pays when purchasing shares of a fund.

SEC ATP Performance Date

Ending or "as of" date for all SEC After Tax Performance calculations.

SEC ATP Post-Liquidation

The SEC specified performance that computes investor's return after withholding taxes on dividends before reinvesting those dividends for the SEC-mandated time periods (1/5/10 years and since-inception performance) plus four additional time periods of popular interest (1 month, 3 month, year-to-date, and 3 years). The post method also calculates the investor's personal capital gains tax liability or benefit and adjusts the ending value of the investment accordingly.

SEC ATP Pre-Liquidation

The SEC specified performance that computes investor's return after withholding taxes on dividends before reinvesting those dividends for the SEC-mandated time periods (1/5/10 years and since-inception performance) plus four additional time periods of popular interest (1 month, 3 month, year-to-date, and 3 years).

SEC ATP Year to Date Post-Liquidation

The SEC specified performance that computes investor's return after withholding taxes on dividends before reinvesting those dividends for the SEC-mandated time periods (1/5/10 years and since-inception performance) plus four additional time periods of popular interest (1 month, 3 month, year-to-date, and 3 years). The post method also calculates the investor's personal capital gains tax liability or benefit and adjusts the ending value of the investment accordingly.

SEC ATP Year to Date Pre-Liquidation

The SEC specified performance that computes investor's return after withholding taxes on dividends before reinvesting those dividends for the SEC-mandated time periods (1/5/10 years and since-inception performance) plus four additional time periods of popular interest (1 month, 3 month, year-to-date, and 3 years).

SEC Inception Date

The inception date of the fund as used by the SEC.

SEC Performance

SEC performance is load-adjusted performance. It conforms to the SEC's Rule 482 disclosure requirements for advertising and broker-client activities.

SEC Performance Date

Ending or "as of" date for all SEC performance calculations. All SEC performance dates are latest quarter end.

SEC Yield - 30 Day

Yield based on the net investment income earned by the fund over 30 days "as of" a specified date.

SEC Yield - 30 Day

Date The ending date of the 30-day yield.

SEC Yield - 7 Day

Yield based on the net investment income earned by the fund over 7 days "as of" a specified date.

SEC Yield - 7 Day Date

The ending date of the 7-day yield.

Sector

Equity fund sectors represent groupings of stocks in a particular market subset (e.g., utilities, transportation). Fixed income fund sectors represent groupings of bonds of a particular quality (e.g., A Rated, Government/AAA Rated).

Security Name

The name of a security or holding in a portfolio.

Security Ticker

Exchange Ticker of the holding - if available.

Shares Held

The number of shares owned of each holding in the portfolio.

Sharpe Ratio

The excess return of the portfolio over a comparable risk free rate of return divided by the standard deviation the portfolio return.

Since Inception Date

The time period from the date of the commencement of operations of a fund under the Investment Company Act of 1940 as shown in the fund's prospectus or annual report.

Standard Deviation

A measure of how a fund's percentage changes over the period have varied from the mean.

Tax Efficiency Effective Date - Month

The end date of the calculation, using a calendar month-end date.

Tax Efficiency Percentile Rank

The percentile rank of the Tax Efficiency Standard Rank ranked in ascending order from 1 to 100.

Tax Efficiency Quintile

The Quintile rank of the Effective Tax Rate for the period specified. The number scores, with 1 as the highest, will correspond to quintile rankings based on the measure.

Tax Efficiency Years Basis

The number of years the calculation is based on to determine Lipper Leader Scores.

Telephone: In-State Number

In-state phone number for a fund's shareholder services department.

Telephone: Toll-Free Number

Toll-free number for a fund's shareholder services department.

Ticker Symbol

The unique 5 to 9-letter symbol assigned by for listing on an exchange.

TNA History

10 Historical Time Periods of Total Net Assets.

Total Expense Ratio

The total fees and expenses charged by a fund for all the various services needed to run the fund.

Total Net Asset (TNA) - Percent in Sector

The percentage of a portfolio's total net assets invested in a particular sector.

Total Net Asset (TNA) - Percent in Security

The percentage of a portfolio's total net assets invested in a particular security or holding.

Total Net Assets (TNA) - Current Date

Valuation date of total net assets.

Total Net Assets (TNA) - Current TNA Amount

A fund's total market value less all liabilities as of the most current month end.

Total Net Assets (TNA) - Month to Month % Change

The percentage increase/decrease in total net assets of a portfolio on a month-to-month basis.

Total Net Assets (TNA) - Prior Month Date

Valuation date of prior month's total net assets.

Total Net Assets (TNA) - Prior Month TNA Amount

A fund's total market value less all liabilities as of the prior month end.

Total Net Assets (TNAs)

Value of the underlying securities within a portfolio net of expenses.

Total Return Effective Date - Month

The end date of the calculation, using a calendar month-end date.

Total Return Percentile Rank

The percentile rank of the Total Return Standard Rank ranked in ascending order from 1 to 100.

Total Return Quintile

The quintile rank of the Annualized Total Return for the period specified. The number scores, with 1 as the highest, will correspond to quintile rankings based on the measure.

Total Return Value

Annualized Total Return for the period specified.

Total Return Years Basis

The number of years the calculation is based on to determine Lipper Leader Scores.

Yield - 12 Month

This yield is computed by dividing income dividends paid during the previous twelve months (or the previous 52 weeks for periods ending at any time other than month-end) by the latest Net Asset Value (NAV) adjusted for capital gains distributions. This method does not conform to the standardized computation required by the SEC for advertising purposes.

Yield Date

The date of latest 12-month yield.